Resilient Infrastructure

Resilient Infrastructure is a topic that is aimed at maximizing the continued functioning of the large infrastructures even if some elements of the infrastructure do not survive or are not equipped to handle conditions that exceed the design criteria and operational guidelines. A physical infrastructure is considered resilient if it can anticipate, survive, adapt and recover from external disruptions, such as wear and tear, natural forces (e.g. severe weather, hurricanes, earthquakes), man-made forces (population pressure, extreme overuse, landscape change, terrorist attacks), etc. Given the current situation with our nation's infrastructure, understanding resilience appears to be a key way forward for the engineering community to safeguard the continued functionality of critical infrastructure for society. The sub-elements of this thrust area can be:

  • Advanced Materials – Biernacki, Mohr, Crouch, El-Sawy: Understand material quality (cement/concrete) from macro to nano scales; engineer revolutionary/smart materials that are more durable and resilient to extreme environmental (weather/climate) and anthropogenic forcings
  • Advanced Computational Methods – Liu, Peddieson, Fidan, Hossain, Kalyanapu, Ghafoor: Efficient and novel (on-site/remote) methods for materials and infrastructure resilience assessment for better risk management.
  • Monitoring and Control – Canfield, Click, Huo, Kamal: embedded networks/sensors, robotics for non-destructive and real-time monitoring of infrastructure health and functionality particularly in difficult terrain/conditions.
  • Environmental/Climate Sustainability – Hossain and Kalyanapu – Exploring bottom-up and top-down approaches on adaptation against changing patterns of extreme environmental/climate on infrastructure resilience; investigate cluster of infrastructure (cities, dams, agricultural systems etc.) and the ecology with other key resources (water, energy, health).
  • Modeling and Simulation - Kamal -

Grand Challenges

  • What are the smart approaches to address the challenges in rehabilitating the nation's D-rated infrastructure in the current climate of limited financial resources and green house gas emission control?
  • What are the cost effective (smart technology) approaches to real-time and non-destructive monitoring of health and resilience of infrastructure in an integrated framework?
  • What are the curricular changes required to train the next generation of engineers equipped with the skills and mindset to address the infrastructure challenges at the interface of materials, sustainability, climate and resource scarcity?
  • How do we forecast resilience of infrastructure under increasing pressures of population increase, demand on resources and complex ecosystem functions?

 

    Coordinator

    • Dr. Joseph Biernacki
    • University Distinguished Faculty Fellow and Professor
    • Office: Prescott Hall (PRSC) 312
    • Phone: (931) 372-3667
    • Fax:(931) 372-6352
    • Address:
      • Prescott Hall 312
      • 220 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
  • Researchers

    • Dr. Joseph Biernacki
    • University Distinguished Faculty Fellow and Professor
    • Office: Prescott Hall (PRSC) 312
    • Phone: (931) 372-3667
    • Fax:(931) 372-6352
    • Address:
      • Prescott Hall 312
      • 220 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Benjamin Mohr
    • Interim Chair and Associate Professor
    • Office: Prescott Hall (PRSC) 216
    • Phone: (931) 372-3454
    • Fax:(931) 372-6239
    • Address:
      • Prescott Hall 216
      • 220 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Alfred Kalyanapu
    • Assistant Professor
    • Office: Prescott Hall (PRSC) 334
    • Phone: (931) 372-3561
    • Fax:(931) 372-6239
    • Address:
      • Prescott Hall 334
      • 220 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. L. Crouch
    • Professor
    • Office: Prescott Hall (PRSC) 316
    • Phone: (931) 372-3196
    • Fax:(931) 372-6239
    • Address:
      • Prescott Hall 316
      • 220 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Y. Jane Liu
    • Professor of Structural Mechanics
    • Office: Prescott Hall (PRSC) 432
    • Phone: (931) 372-3256
    • Fax:(931) 372-6239
    • Address:
      • Prescott Hall 432
      • 220 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Sharon Huo
    • Associate Provost
    • Office: Derryberry Hall (DBRY) 202
    • Phone: (931) 372-3224
    • Address:
      • Derryberry Hall 202
      • 1 Williams L Jones Drive
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Steven Click
    • Associate Professor
    • Office: Prescott Hall (PRSC) 439
    • Phone: (931) 372-6464
    • Fax:(931) 372-6239
    • Address:
      • Prescott Hall 439
      • 220 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Stephen Canfield
    • Professor of Mechanical Engineering
    • Office: Brown Hall (BRWN) 329
    • Phone: (931) 372-6359
    • Fax:(931) 372-6340
    • Address:
      • Brown Hall 329
      • 115 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. John Peddieson
    • Professor of Mechanical Engineering
    • Office: Brown Hall (BRWN) 110
    • Phone: (931) 372-3274
    • Fax:(931) 372-6340
    • Address:
      • Brown Hall 110
      • 115 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Ahmed Elsawy
    • Chair
    • Office: Lewis Hall (LEWS) 107
    • Phone: (931) 372-3238
    • Fax:(931) 372-3813
    • Address:
      • Lewis Hall 107
      • 920 N Peachtree Ave
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Ismail Fidan
    • Professor
    • Office: Lewis Hall (LEWS) 103
    • Phone: (931) 372-6298
    • Fax:(931) 372-3813
    • Address:
      • Lewis Hall 103
      • 920 N Peachtree Ave
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Sheikh Ghafoor
    • Associate Professor
    • Office: Bruner Hall (BRUN) 419
    • Phone: (931) 372-3687
    • Fax:(931) 372-3686
    • Address:
      • Bruner Hall 419
      • 110 University Drive
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Ahmed Kamal
    • Associate Professor
    • Office: Lewis Hall (LEWS) 202
    • Phone: (931) 372-6438
    • Fax:(931) 372-3813
    • Address:
      • Lewis Hall 103
      • 920 N Peachtree Ave
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Matthew Yarnold
    • Assistant Professor
    • Office: Prescott Hall (PRSC) 418
    • Phone: (931) 372-3631
    • Fax:(931) 372-6239
    • Address:
      • Prescott Hall 418
      • 220 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information
    • Dr. Steven Anton
    • Assistant Professor
    • Office: Brown Hall (BRWN) 328
    • Phone: (931) 372-3287
    • Fax:(931) 372-6340
    • Address:
      • Brown Hall 328
      • 115 W. 10th Street
      • Cookeville, TN 38505
    • Professional Information

 

 

  • Civil Engineering Lab photo on front cover of TENESSEE CONCRETE MAGAZINE

    The Fall 2013 Tennessee Concrete Magazine currently has a feature article titled “Lowering the Chloride Permeability of a TDOT Class D PCC Mixture” authored by TTU researchers: Dr. L.K. Crouch, PhD Student Aaron Crowley, MS student Lee Rogers, Heather Hall (Assistant Engineering Director of TDOT M&T Division) and Dr. Daniel Badoe. The Tennessee Department of Transportation (TDOT) is considering a new Class D-LP (lower permeability) Portland cement concrete mixture specification. Tennessee Tech University researchers are developing an informational catalog to support the possible new specifications. The informational catalog provides information on mixture designs that have been successful in the laboratory at TTU. Hopefully, the mixture designs and resulting properties would be helpful to industry and municipal designers attempting to produce mixtures that meet the possible new specification.

  • Dr. Faisal Hossain, Associate Professor of CEE has received an NSF grant of $43,856 for his project, entitled "Belmont Forum-G8 Collaborative Research: Bangladesh Delta: Assessment of Sea-Level Rise Hazards and Integrated Predictive Development Towards Mitigation and Adaptation (BanD-AID)," in collaboration with faculty in Ohio State University to be conducted during 2013-2016.

  • In its November 2012 issue, the International Water Power and Dam Construction Magazine is running a feature article titled "A Two-way Street" authored by Dr. Faisal Hossain, Associate Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and a coordinator of the Resilient Infrastructure Strategic Research Area at Tennessee Technological University and Dr. Roger A. Pielke, Sr., Senior Research Scientist and Senior Research Associate at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Click for more details.

 

  • Dr. Biernacki leads international efforts to improve concrete sustainability. A standing-room only audience listened to Dr. Maria Juenger of the University of Texas-Austin during a recent presentation at the American Concrete Institute (ACI) semi-annual meeting where she presented work co-authored by TTU's Dr. Joseph J. Biernacki of the Department of Chemical Engineering. The subject, a vision for coordinated research to develop a comprehensive understanding of the underlying chemistry behind hydration of portland cement, is a plan which hopefully will lead to improved concrete sustainability. Biernacki lead a team of nine co-authors and spearheaded the development of the recently published vision document and was an organizer of the NSF funded International Summit on Cement Hydration Kinetics and Modeling held at Laval University in 2009. Highlights of the presentation are reported in the Daily Commercial News and Construction Record, see November 7, 2012 for more information.

 

  • International Promotion of Resilient Infrastructure program at TTU! Dr. Faisal Hossain, a TTU professor and fulbright scholar is presenting a seminar on resilient infrastructure in Singapore. In the seminar he will discuss the importance of studying dams and their nearby cities with regards to resiliency in the face of extreme weather. See the flyer here.

  • Dr. Kumiko Tsujimoto of University of Tokyo's Civil Engineering Department is scheduled to visit TTU during April 2013 to explore collaboration opportunities on Resilient Infrastructure research. Dr. Tsujimoto (http://www-e.civil.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/lab/staff-index.html ) is currently working on trying to understand the interactions between artificial reservoirs and extreme weather for a proposed large dam project in Cambodia. As part of a Govt of Japan funded initiative, she will be visiting three programs relevant to Resilient Infrastructure. TTU is one of her choices along with University of Colorado and University of Alabama (Huntsville).

  • NASA Physical Oceanography program has awarded TTU-COE a grant in the amount of $215,000 for a project titled "Improving the Accuracy and Reliability of Space-Borne Discharge Estimation from SWOT for Low-lying Humid Tropical Regions of the World". The project will begin in 2013 January and end in January 2016 and will be spearheaded exclusively by TTU faculty engaged in establishing Resilient Infrastructure as a highly sustainable research thrust area for the college. The project will complement the grand challenge (Question#2) - What are the cost effective (smart technology) approaches to real-time and non-destructive monitoring of health and resilience of infrastructure in an integrated framework - through accurate 'smart technology' delineation of flood inundation in urban infrastructure environments along flood plains. With this project, the total external funding from NASA on infrastructure related topic now stands at $295,000 ($80,000 NASA project awarded to Dr. Faisal Hossain in May 2012 to study large dams in the western US).

  • Two TTU faculty members (Drs. Kalyanapu and Hossain) are leading a special collection of papers on the theme "Human Impact on Climate Extremes for Water Resources Infrastructure Design, Operations and Risk Management" for the journal titled "Earth Interactions' published jointly by American Geophysical Union, American Meteorological Society and American Association of Geographers. The special collection will appear in print around Fall 2013 and will showcase TTU's unique leadership in the area of Resilient Infrastructure.

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