Through nationwide competition, James Madison Fellowships will be awarded to at least one legal resident of each state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the other U.S. territories. After completing study under their fellowships, James Madison Fellows are required to teach American history, American government or social studies in grades 7-12 for a minimum of one year for each academic year of graduate assistance they receive.
Fellowships carry a maximum stipend of $24,000 (for up to two years of full-time study for college graduates), which is used to cover the costs of tuition, required fees, books, room and board. Fellows must enroll in graduate programs leading to master's degrees in American history, political science or education offered by any accredited university. Participation in an accredited four-week summer institute on the principles, framing, ratification and implementation of the Constitution and Bill of Rights is required for all fellows, normally during the summer after the commencement of study.