Per FERPA, the education record belongs to the student. Parents only have rights to access to records granted by the student. This means that parents cannot request grades, the academic transcript, or a class schedule unless the student signs a release indicating that they want to release the information.
For more detailed information on how FERPA applies to your student and you, continue by clicking the links below.
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (also known as the Buckley Amendment) is a Federal law that helps protect the privacy of student education records. Under FERPA, education records are those: (1) directly related to a student; and (2) maintained by an educational agency or institution or by a party acting for the agency or institution.
The Act provides students the right to inspect and review education records, the right to seek to amend those records, and the right to limit disclosure of information from the records. The intent of the legislation is to protect the rights of students and to ensure the privacy and accuracy of education records. The Act applies to all institutions that are recipients of federal aid administered by the Secretary of Education.
According to the law, a person becomes a student for purposes of FERPA when they are in attendance" at an institution. At Tennessee Tech, we define a student as someone currently or previously enrolled in any academic offering of the University. This policy does not apply to Records until the first day of class of the Student’s first semester of attendance or to Records specifically exempted by 34 Code of Federal Regulations 99.3, as may be amended from time to time. This does not include prospective students or applicants to any academic program of the University.
When a student turns 18 years old or enters Tennessee Tech, regardless of his or her age, all rights afforded to parents under FERPA transfer to the student, and the student’s written consent is required for disclosure of his or her education records.
However, FERPA provides ways in which a school may—but is not required-to share information from an eligible student's education records with parents, without the student's consent. For example:
- Schools may disclose education records to parents if the student is claimed as a dependent for tax purposes.
- Schools may disclose education records to parents if a health or safety emergency involves their son or daughter.
- Schools may inform parents if the student is under age 21 and has violated any law or policy concerning the use or possession of alcohol or a controlled substance.
- A school official may generally share with a parent information that is based on that official's personal knowledge or observation of the student.
FERPA gives students four basic rights with respect to their education record:
- The right to control disclosure of their education record
- The right to review their education record
- The right to request amendment of inaccurate or misleading portions of their education record
- The right to file a complaint regarding non-compliance of FERPA with the Family Policy Compliance Office of the U.S. Department of Education
In summary, the education record belongs to the student. Parents only have rights to access to records granted by the student. This means that parents cannot request grades, the academic transcript, or a class schedule unless the student signs a release indicating that they want to release the information.
If you have questions concerning FERPA and your education records, or need additional information, we invite you to contact the Office of the Registrar at:
Office of the Registrar
221 Quadrangle Drive
Cookeville, TN 38505