Integrating Service with Academic Study
Step One: Resolving Doubts:The Necessary First Steps
- Is service learning about what we teach or is it about how we teach it?
- When we emphasize the importance of reflection, are we speaking of the content of the discussion or the methods used during a session?
- How can I make the service learning component an integral part of the course and not just another add-on assignment?
Step Two: Start with the Basics: who, what, when, where, why, and how questions
- Who are we teaching?
- What content and information will we be teaching them?
- When is the most appropriate time to teach this in the context of their education?
- In what setting can students best learn this course material?
- Why is it important to teach this content and to teach them in this manner?
- And how can we be most successful in teaching this information?
Step Three: Identifying Course Competencies
- Review the existing competencies and learning expectations (objectives) in the course. Look at areas where your current design and methods may not be the best fit for today’s community college students. Students want to be able to see a visible connection between what they are learning and how that affects their daily lives.
- Most times, the course objectives are perfectly relevant, but the means by which we are “teaching” and the student is “learning” fails in terms of “connectivity.”
Step Four: Decide Which Objectives are Best Suited to Service Learning
- Competencies and objectives best learned via active learning are better suited than those that remain in theoretical or intellectual mode. Demonstration of rote memorization of content is less suited to service learning than demonstration of an applied comprehension of the concept.
- Each instructor must determine the fit of service learning to the particular course. The degree of importance of the course objective you choose may dictate the amount of service time required of the student. (But keep in mind that it is the LEARNING that matters, not the TIME.
TTU has partnered with Campus Compact to provide resources for faculty. Please visit the Campus Compact web site for example syllabi organized by discipline in the Resource Links of the Service Center web site.
Liability Concerns: Acknowledgement, Indemnification & Consent Forms
Choose the statement of acknowledgement form below that best fits the service your students will be doing. Collect the forms BEFORE they begin their service. You are not required to acknowledge hours done BEFORE students turn their forms in. It has been successful for other faculty offering a grade for having completed the form and turning it in. On the same note, it may be a good idea to have an alternative project in mind for students who have an objection to a particular project for some reason you may deem plausible. Lastly, faculty implementing service into their courses and using these forms are only required to keep the signed copies in student files for one year after project ends. Forms are below:
For Inside Type of Work
For Outside Type of Work
For Construction and Disaster Relief Type of Work
Recommendations for Student Assessment
In order to ensure academic integrity, it is essential that service learning be used in conjunction with rigorous evaluation. Assessment should be based on students’ demonstration of how they are integrating the service experience to course content. The following recommendations are guidelines for how to conduct assessment for service learners.
- An assignment or activity, such as a journal, is needed to provide evidence of how the student connects the service to the course content.
- By helping students to distinguish between description and analysis, between emotional reactions and cognitive observations, faculty helps them to transform service experiences into learning experiences.
- Evaluation of service learning occasionally makes use of subjective evaluation in the same way that traditional courses sometimes make use of subjective evaluation.
- There is not a one-on-one correspondence between hours served and knowledge gained or credit earned.
- Nevertheless, a certain minimum or service hours may be needed to provide an experience of significant depth.
- To preserve the academic integrity or service-learning, credit is not awarded for hours of service but rather for demonstrated learning based on that service.
- Extra hours of service should not necessarily yield extra credit.
- Giving early and regular feedback on students’ journal entries is a critical part of teaching students how to develop their reflection skills.
- Pre/Post Surveys
- Oral Interviews
- Journal Writing
- Project Presentations
- Exams on Theory in Action
- Constructed Response Items
- Observation in the field
- Pictures Slide shows
- Other Multimedia Projects
You are welcome to consult with Service Center Staff for advisement on assessment.
Student Assessment (after having participated in a service learning project)
Community Partner Assessment (after having partnered with a class on a service learning project)
Campus Compact Example Syllabi